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In this condition, the immune system mistakenly attacks acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction. This prevents the muscles from contracting and leads to muscle weakness. Aponeurosis is a sheet-like fibrous connective tissue that anchors or connects a muscle to a bone or cartilage. For example, the antrum of the stomach is also called the pyloric antrum or gastric antrum. It is the lower portion of the stomach and contains numerous mucous- and gastrin-secreting cells.
It forms the highest point of the shoulder, to which the collarbone is attached. The nine abdominal regions divide the abdomen into nine smaller sections. To repay or punish a person for an injury by use of the offender’s own methods. Any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy.
In liver disease, the liver fails to clear ammonia, resulting in the accumulation of unmetabolized ammonia, a condition called hepatic encephalopathy. Amblyopia starts in childhood, usually between ages 5 and 9 and it’s the most common cause of vision loss in kids. Refractive errors, strabismus, clouding of the lens, intraocular tumor, or corneal injury are some conditions that lead to amblyopia. Albinism is a condition where a person is congenitally deficient in melanin pigment.
This best-selling and market-leading dictionary contains over 12,000 clear and concise entries, covering all aspects of medical science. Written by a team of medical experts, the entries are accessible and jargon-free and complemented by over 140 illustrations and diagrams. The 8th edition has been fully revised and updated to cover changes in this fast-moving field. Entries on techniques and equipment, drugs, general medical practice, health service organization and treatment have all been reviewed and updated where necessary. OA is A form of arthritis, occurring mainly in older persons, that is characterized by chronic degeneration of the cartilage of the joints.
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Angiogram also helps to understand and evaluate the restrictions in blood flow or damage to the blood vessel segments. The RxList drug medical dictionary contains definitions and explanations of many medical terms including prescription medication abbreviations. Medical terms are from MedTerms™ and are written by pharmacists and U.S. Board Certified Physicians; the same authors of the Webster’s New World™ Medical Dictionary.
Steroid hormones are responsible for puberty, fertility, and sexual function in men. Though androgens are typically thought of as male hormones, the female body also produces them. The androgens produced in the ovaries and adrenal medulla are converted into estrogen, the female sex hormone. The liver converts ammonia to urea, which the kidney excretes.